Friday, June 30, 2006

Cisco Integrates Ethernet and InfiniBand Management to Support High Performance Data Center Applications and Strengthen InfiniBand As a Data Center Te

I think that cluster computering is an efficient architecture for data mining and artificial intelligence.


Web-Based Data Mining and Agile Reporting Now Possible with AJAX Technology

Although I am not saying that this is THE TOOL, the idea of using a web-based data mining application for non-technical users IS the right idea.


Artificial Intelligence Techniques Used In Computerized Valuation System


CombineNet Founder Dr. Tuomas Sandholm to Receive IAAI Award for Application of Artificial Intelligence in Strategic Sourcing

CombineNet Founder Dr. Tuomas Sandholm to Receive IAAI Award for Application of Artificial Intelligence in Strategic Sourcing

PITTSBURGH, PA—June 26 , 2006
Dr. Tuomas Sandholm, Founder, Chairman and Chief Scientist of CombineNet, will present his paper Expressive Commerce and Its Application to Sourcing at the Eighteenth Annual Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence (IAAI-06). Dr. Sandholm will be honored with the American Association of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Deployed Application Award for his insight and achievement in applying artificial intelligence to strategic sourcing activities at the IAAI conference on July 18-20, 2006 in Boston, MA.

Dr. Sandholm's paper discusses the application and impact of artificial intelligence in CombineNet's proprietary optimization technology, used for advanced decision guidance primarily in the field of strategic sourcing. CombineNet's optimization technology analyzes problems with massive amounts of disparate data to guide users to the optimal solution. In advanced sourcing applications, this technology enables corporate sourcing and logistics teams to quickly evaluate hundreds of thousands of supplier proposals alongside corporate business rules and preferences, to find the best award allocations. Across more than 250 advanced sourcing events, CombineNet has produced savings of more than $2.5B on an aggregate append of more than $19B.

We have not yet begun to grasp the application of computer science to the world's most pressing issues, inside and outside of industry," said Sandholm. "I'm honored to be recognized by this award, and I look forward to presenting my paper at the conference in July"
Dr. Sandholm's award-winning paper "Expressive Commerce and Its Application to Sourcing" is available for download at

In addition to his role at CombineNet, Dr. Sandholm is a professor in the Computer Science Department at Carnegie Mellon University. He has been internationally recognized for his efforts as the recipient of several of the most selective academic awards in the field, including the prestigious Computers and Thought Award, presented by the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI), and the Sloan Research Fellowship, presented by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. He has also received the National Science Foundation Career Award and the Association for Computing Machinery Autonomous Agents Research Award.

Dr. Sandholm received his Ph.D. and M.S. in computer science from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and an M.S. with distinction in Industrial Engineering and Management Science from the Helsinki University of Technology in Finland.

About CombineNet
CombineNet is the advanced sourcing technology company. CombineNet's Advanced Sourcing Application Platform enables companies to engage in Expressive Commerce, the strategic sourcing initiative that allows buyers and sellers to communicate supply and demand more expressively, collaboratively and strategically. The result is a win-win for both buyer and supplier, where greater innovation and supply chain efficiency drive the absolute best value and lowest total cost of ownership for goods and services. CombineNet's ASAP delivers 5, 10, even 20 percent greater realized cost savings than other e-sourcing solutions for the largest businesses in the world including General Mills, PepsiCo, Procter & Gamble, Siemens and others. For more information, visit

When Rules Make the Best Medicine

Again Jim shows his skill at summarizing complex issues into practical terms.

In the article Jim writes: "You need knowledge governance to build consensus around rules that cross disciplines or involve hard stops. "

This statement is so crucial in the business of data mining and it is often mistakenly overlook by the scientists (yes folks that's what we are).

Thursday, June 29, 2006

Data Mining and Innovation: Keys to U.S. Health Reform

Very good article on Data Mining and Artificial Intelligence in the Health Care.

Data Mining and Innovation: Keys to U.S. Health Reform

Contributor Richard L. Reece, M.D., says that it’s possible that a powerful force embedded in American culture--innovation--will bridge the growing political divide between market-driven and single-payer advocates who seek to resolve cost, coverage and quality problems.

In The Consequential Divide: Which Direction Healthcare? (April 27, 2006), HealthLeaders contributor Preston Gee asserts that a political divide exists between market-driven and single-payer advocates who seek to resolve cost, coverage and quality problems. Either solution, the title implies, harbors profound consequences for healthcare stakeholders. It’s possible that a powerful force embedded in American culture--our genius for innovation--will bridge the divide.

A new solution

Experts point to four basic reform solutions that exist for the U.S.:

A national universal system of coverage
A consumer-driven, market-based system covering those able to pay
State-by-state universal coverage, Massachusetts-style
A national consumer-driven, market-based model with universal coverage through Federal Employee Health Benefits Plan or the Universal Health Voucher Plan, as proposed by the Mayo Clinic
I propose another approach incorporating all these solutions--systematic innovation by government and market-based organizations. This solution will take time. It overlaps government and private sectors, and it is not without doubters. George Lundberg, M.D., past editor of the Journal of The American Medical Association and now editor of Medscape’s MedGenJournal, observes, “Innovations tend to be limited and localized. For the masses, innovations would have to propagate like crazy.”

Comparisons across the pond

In Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Peter Drucker argues the U.S. entrepreneurial economy distinguishes us from Western Europe. Our current economic growth rate is 4 to 5 percent while Europe’s is 1 percent. The U.S. unemployment rate is half of Europe’s. To Drucker, such differences exist because U.S entrepreneurs are closer to customers while socialistic bureaucrats are isolated and remote from people.

Critics argue that Europe has universal coverage and better health statistics. True, but it’s at the cost of economic stagnation, long waits and limited access to medical technologies. One could persuasively argue U.S. innovations often are strictly technological in nature and have little to do with solving social problems ranging from the uninsured to high cost and poor quality. But I assert that these problems can and will be addressed in innovative ways in the political, data collection and deployment, information technology and healthcare organization arenas.

Major innovations

Six major innovations, sometimes inspired by government, sometimes undertaken independently or in concert with the private sector, are driving health reform: data mining reform, consumer-driven care, pay-for-performance initiatives, national electronic infrastructure building, state-by-state reform experimentation, and “disruptive simplification” innovations at the practice management level. Data mining is the most important and sweeping innovation, because it gives us the tools to restructure and rebuild the existing system based on irrefutable and impersonal data. According to Webopedia, the computer technology dictionary, data mining may be defined as “the class of database applications that look for hidden patterns in a group of data that can be used to predict future behavior. For example, data mining software can help retail companies find customers with common interests. The term is commonly misused to describe software that presents data in new ways. True data mining software doesn't just change the presentation, but actually discovers previously unknown relationships among the data.”

Four areas of data mining are transforming healthcare:

Medicare data mining
This form of data mining is not new, but it remains an inexhaustible innovation source because of its size. John Wennberg and Alan Gettlesohn first explored the Medicare Mine in 1973 when they published their classic findings on how medical care varied from one region of the country to the other. Ever since, Medicare data has been considered the sine qua non for studying and judging health costs and outcomes. Wennberg considers medical service variation across regions and academic center as “unwarranted.” The variation data, he concludes, does not correlate with better outcomes data. He has proven beyond statistical doubt that “more is not better.” Employers and health plans are aware Medicare data is a treasure trove for data miners wishing to improve quality and outcomes and to pay hospitals and doctors for performance, which is why the Business Round Table and others are pressuring the Bush administration to release all Medicare claims data.

Pharmaceutical data mining
I was present in Minneapolis in the 1970s at the creation of the UnitedHealthcare Group. Perhaps that is why I maintain that pharmaceutical data mining, outside of the billion- dollar leadership of William McGuire, M.D., is what made UnitedHealthcare what it is today. It isn’t generally recognized that 75 percent of United’s profits come from outside the traditional HMO business. In 2005, I spoke with Brian Gould, M.D., a former senior executive for United. “In early 1990, I moved to Minneapolis. I was in charge of United’s Specialty Operations Division--all the non-HMO businesses. These included a pioneering pharmaceutical benefit company, Diversified Pharmaceutical Services. In 1993, we sold DPM to Smith Kline Beecham for an astonishing price of $2.3 billion,” he said. Under the terms of agreement, United HealthCare agreed to provide Smith Kline Beecham “with access to medical data and outcomes analysis.” This meant access to United’s pharmaceutical data mining operation data. For example, if United had pharmaceutical claims data indicating who was taking insulin, Smith Kline could use that data to study a huge population of diabetics.

United has not abandoned pharmaceutical data mining. Its Ingenix division provides clinic research services, medical education services, and therapeutic outcomes and epidemiology research data to pharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies and medical device manufacturers.

Printed word data mining
Google is so powerful, it has become a verb. One no longer looks up information in medical libraries, one “googles” medical information. Google, I would argue, is turning the medical world upside-down. Medical journals, for example, are struggling to survive because of drops in advertising and readership. Moreover, Google has leveled the information playing field between doctors and patients. The late Tom Ferguson, M.D., a pioneer and prophet of the consumer-driven movement, put it this way in an interview I conducted with him in 1999: “Patient knowledge is different from physician knowledge. Depending on the area of specialization, a specialist might have to stay current on 30, 200 or 400 medical conditions. A general practitioner might have to keep up with 600. Patients only have to know about one disease--their own.”

Clinical, practice management and practice pattern data mining
In the 1970s and 1980s, in a clinical laboratory setting, Russell Hobbie, Ph.D., a physics professor at the University of Minnesota, and I used the Internet to develop two practical clinical applications using data available in physician’s offices--patient age and gender, physical measurements (height, weight, blood pressure), and laboratory data. From this universally available data, we developed two products--the Unified Presentation of Relevant Tests, a differential diagnosis report listing the top ten diagnostic possibilities, and the Health Quotient, a health status report based on height, weight, blood pressure, family or personal history of heart attack or stroke, and laboratory findings. UNIPORT was 80 percent accurate and was commercially successful; the HQ was acclaimed by its recipients and predicted imminent heart attacks with unexpected precision.

True potential

The real potential of data mining lies in two areas: practice pattern grouping using existing data to define costs and consequences, and predictive modeling using broad clinical and financial databases to define the effect of current patient behavior, diagnoses, and interventions on future outcomes and costs.

Practice pattern grouping often goes by the name of episode grouping. As government and private healthcare organizations seek to deliver top-quality care more cost-effectively, episode grouping has come into vogue. By clustering costs around a clinical episode--everything from doctors involved, to diagnoses, to medications, to interventions, to hospitalization, to rehabilitations, to nursing home care, to outcomes-- you can more precisely analyze total outcomes and costs. You can also more accurately—and fairly—assess physician performance. Much of the total cost, for example, of hospitalizations resides in the hospital’s costs. Hospital charges make up about 80 percent of physician costs in the hospital setting. The hospital charges may be beyond the doctor’s control. On the other hand, drugs doctors prescribe or interventions they choose are not. It has been found that total episode costs may vary by factors of as much as 20 to one. In these instances, and even with smaller variations, systematic or structural reforms are in order. True reform lies in rationalizing, not rationing, care.

Predictive modeling requires a more sophisticated mathematical approach and artificial intelligence deployment. One of the pioneers in this field is David Eddy, M.D., Ph.D., who, over the last 10 years at Kaiser Permanente, has developed a predictive model called the Archimedes Model. This model provides a mathematically based lever that moves and manipulates vast amounts of data in a way that simulates reality. It improves and speeds healthcare decision-making at decision points along the healthcare spectrum. Archimedes, funded by Kaiser, has been 10 years in the making. It uses mathematical simulation to create a visual world to help healthcare organizations make critical and administrative decisions. The model has been repeatedly tested and validated to answer complex real-world decisions. In the words of a Kaiser publicist, “The Archimedes model has virtual people who get virtual diseases, go to virtual doctors, get virtual tests, receive virtual treatment, and have virtual outcomes.” Using Kaiser’s eight million-member database, Archimedes played a role in the Vioxx recall, and it is currently being used as a tool to conduct virtual clinical trials by major pharmaceutical companies.

Another company pursuing goals similar to Archimedes is MedAI (short for Medical Artificial Intelligence) in Orlando, Fla. MedAI’s outcomes measurement application, Pin Point Quality, enables users to easily identify specific steps to monitor and improve clinical outcomes while reducing healthcare costs. Clients can integrate data from clinical and financial legacy systems. This allows clients to undertake quality initiatives. Medical directors, administrative directors and other members of the organization can create reports of quality indicators, which they can then use to drive practice changes in their organization.

In formulating the argument that America innovation in general and innovation in the handling of data in particular will change the world, I have only touched briefly on such innovative and powerful movements as consumer-driven care, pay-for-performance, the building of a national electronic infrastructure, the political innovation in Massachusetts, or “disruptive innovations” that are simpler, less costly, and more convenient to use. These are all terribly important, and their full potentials will, no doubt, require data-based innovations.


Richard L. Reece, M.D., is a pathologist, writer, editor, speaker and consultant in Old Saybrook, Conn. His latest book, Key “Under the Radar” Innovations Transforming U.S. Health Care, will be published later this year. Reece may be reached at


Thursday, June 22, 2006

SQL 2005 Analysis Services

Anybody has tried to build an artificial intelligence using this tool?

Artificial Intelligence Resources


If you do not know where to start your research this is a good site!

Data Mining Resources


If you do not where to start your research this is a good site!

Integrating Analytics into Business Processes


Jim's article is accurate and insightful. My comment to him was that he did not made a distinction between supervised and unsupervised data mining. Jim is obvious a real pro!!

Wednesday, June 21, 2006

Research explores data mining, privacy


The key to be able to use data mining and artificial intelligence techniques in a cost-efficient manner is to find ways of using the raw real-time data (thanks Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke for his contribution in this area). If we need to strip and convert data identifiers to no-identifiers before we apply DM and AI techniques we will never be able to have a cost-efficient method. The issue is not to strip the data of identifiers, the issue is to limit who has access to the data, analysis and for what purpose.

Data mining still needs a clue to be effective


Not completely correct. There are supervised data mining models that required data tags to be effective. On the other hand, there are unsupervised data mining models that do not require data tags.

Which company will create the next generation of artificial intellegence that could be use as the foundation for any software?

I think that Microsoft and Google have the financial and intellectual resources, but it may be smaller companies (gaming, healthcare, etc) that may have the flexibility and urgency to come up with a solution.

Physics may take video games to next level


Congratulations Manju and Ageia!!! These folks understand that an AI must be 3D and based on science. This will bring a dramatic change to the gaming community and to the AI community as a whole.

URA pilots e-filing system that “learns” from human decision-making


Data mining + human experience = AI

Poker Academy Supplied World Renowned Texas Holdem Poker Artificial Intelligence to Myelin Media’s “STACKEDTM with Daniel Negreanu”


Analytics + human experience = AI

Artificial Intelligence Helps Stock Shelves


Data Mining + Human Experience = AI

Artificial Intelligence Techniques Used In Computerized Valuation System


An example of data mining plus cognitive experience = AI

Microsoft bets on a robotic future

Read this article:

The key in robotics is the design of an artificial intelligence that combines data mining techniques (analytics) and cognitive (human) experience. Microsoft has the basic analytical tools (regression, clustering, average, standard deviation, ranking etc.). The challenge is the application of those tools. The analytical tools determines patterns in the data, but we still need the cognitive exceptions of human experience as the basic benchmark for an AI to develop.

Tuesday, June 20, 2006

AI=Analytics + Past Experience

I am in the process of developing an artificial intellegence to detect patterns in very large databases (over 300 terabytes). My theory is that if you join data mining techniques (analytics for supervised and unsupervised data modeling) and past experience (the exceptions in cognitive querying) you would have an artificial intellegence.

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